German porcelain

During the seventeenth century the Dutch East Indian Company supplied Europe with porcelain from the Far East. German rulers were especially fond of these precious objects so it is not surprising that the first European porcelain factory was founded in Meissen. In the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century Saxony was the European mining and matallurgy centre, and Augustus the Strong, Elector of Saxony, was one of the greatest European lovers and collectors of Oriental art. In 1701 systematic experiments began at his court to discover the secret of porcelain production. The alchemist Johann Friedrich Böttger and the physicist Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus soon managed to obtain a paste similar to that used in porcelain from the Far East. In 1710 the first European porcelain factory was founded in Dresden by royal decree. In the same year the factory moved to Meissen-in Albrechtsburg castle, where it continued production until 1865.

Despite the strict ban on revealing the secret of obtaining porcelain (arcanum), Claudius Innocentius Du Paquier's factory in Vienna began to produce it in 1719, followed by factories in Italy, France and throughout Germany; in 1746 the production began in Höchst, 1747 in Nymphenburg, 1751 in Berlin in 1764 in Fulda, etc. German porcelain is represe